Can You Leave the Airport During a Layover?

Overall, you can almost always leave the airport during a layover. With that said, you have to pay attention to the time you have before boarding your next flight and whether you need a visa.

For this reason, it’s essential to learn more about how to make a better-informed decision on whether leaving the airport during a layover is the best choice. Doing so starts with gauging how viable this possibility is for you and whether you should look into international flight regulations and requirements.

Leaving the Airport During a Layover

As I mentioned, there won’t be any laws or regulations forbidding you from leaving the airport during a layover in most cases. 

Thus, you’ll have the possibility to leave whenever you want, as airlines have neither the resources nor the need to track their passengers’ whereabouts. 

However, whether you can leave the airport and still make your next flight depends on several factors, most importantly time.

For starters, although going sightseeing during a two-hour layover is possible, it isn’t always practical. Also, a short layover will not allow you to see many destinations. 

Furthermore, your choices and options may differ depending on whether your flight is domestic or international. 

You’ll also have to consider a whole different set of challenges and regulations when traveling abroad.

Domestic Flights

For any US citizen traveling on a domestic flight, it’s safe, legal, and within most airlines’ regulations to leave the airport during a layover. 

Furthermore, during a domestic connecting flight, you’re not required to go through any immigration or customs procedures that can take up a significant amount of time.

This advantage alone gives you the possibility to leave the airport, even during shorter domestic layovers, as you’ll need way less “cushion time” to make it back to your second flight. Just ensure you have your US passport or state ID to prove you are an American citizen, even if you are in an American city like San Francisco. 

However, you’ll still need to go through security twice. So, account for some extra time when planning your layover trip.

Also, make sure that you have your boarding pass or flight tickets ready for your next flight because you will need separate tickets for each flight. You should have gotten your additional boarding passes at the time of your first flight. 

International Flights

Luckily, you’ll most likely be able to leave the airport during international travel as well. 

Having said that, doing so can be much trickier, as you’ll have to take into account local regulations, transit visa passes, and long lines at customs that can reduce your layover time.

Visa Laws

Certain countries require visas for you to leave the transit area. Even a short visit for some fresh air could mean you need a short-term visa. 

So, you’ll likely have to apply for and obtain a visa to set foot outside the airport in the layover country.

However, many countries have visa-free entry, so researching local laws beforehand can save you time and confusion regarding whether you need a visa.

Rules regarding visas can also vary significantly from country to country. Many of them can offer a transit visa, which is ideal for travelers looking to spend a few hours sightseeing between their connecting flights or who want to check into a hotel room for some rest during long layovers and after long-haul flights.  

Transit visas allow holders to stay or visit a country short-term under certain conditions. Although acquiring them can be easier than their regular counterpart, they still require extensive documentation before being issued.

Below you’ll find additional information regarding specific visa requirements for visiting different localities short-term:

For other countries, check out their embassy website. 

Customs and Immigration

Even if a visa isn’t necessary when traveling internationally, you’ll still need to adjust your time according to the period you need to spend standing in line for customs and immigration.

You’ll undoubtedly have to go through this procedure if you want to leave the airport before your onward flight. After all, you’ll be stepping into foreign territory, which automatically makes you a visitor, even during very short layovers.

Depending on the time of the day and year, this process can take up to two hours. Thus, the time until your connecting flight should be long enough to accommodate this level of uncertainty.

You’ll also need to consider further timing restrictions that airlines can apply before boarding a plane. 

For example, some airports require you to show up 90 minutes before a flight, which is also a factor you want to consider when deciding whether to leave the airport.

How Long Should a Layover Be for You To Leave the Airport?

Between security, customs, finding your way in a foreign airport, and boarding times, there often isn’t enough time left for you to step out and shortly enjoy any city exploration. 

For this reason, it isn’t always realistic to leave the airport before your connecting flight.

Overall, a layover should be at least six hours long for you to comfortably leave the airport and make your next flight in time. Eight hours or more would be ideal in most cities, while a three to five-hour layover would probably be insufficient.

Having enough time isn’t only crucial to ensure you make your next boarding on time, but for your enjoyment as well. A lengthy layover will allow you to enjoy the new location without stressing about timing.

Time Spent in the Airport

Before deciding on making the most out of your layover and taking a sightseeing trip, you’ll want to check any timing restrictions airlines may have regarding boarding. 

Usually, airlines require you to show up two hours before a domestic layover and three hours before an international flight. 

Additionally, you’ll want to account for the hour or two needed to get in and out of the airport. This time may vary depending on your familiarity with the area, size of the premises, etc. 

Also, remember that you will probably spend more time in large airports because they’re harder to navigate. 

But, regardless, when considering lines and security procedures, an hour each way is on the lower end of the estimated range. 

Time Spent in the City 

Since most airports are usually away from city centers, it may take additional time to get to and back from your destination.

Plus, remember that some airports are closer to tourist attractions than others. A few examples of airports close to the city include London Heathrow Airport and Dubai Airport. 

So, take a look at Google Maps to find out how long it will take to get to tourist attractions. Also, take into account any delays in public transportation. 

So, How Much Time Do I Need?

You’ll need to set aside at least four to five hours for the above considerations alone. Thus, the time you have to explore during your layover depends on many factors. 

You’ll also want to add another hour of “cushion time” for any unforeseen difficulties or emergencies.

Additionally, given that you’ll be wandering around a foreign place where you could get lost, this time might be more necessary than you’d think. Not to mention you’ll likely need more than an hour or two to experience and enjoy a new city.

Thus, 8+ hour layovers are usually the ideal opportunity to leave the airport. On the other hand, if you have less than six hours, going through this process isn’t worth the stress.

Luckily, there’s no shortage of fun, creative ways to pass the time inside an airport during a longer layover. Therefore, I highly suggest giving the above suggestions a try before attempting to squeeze a fun trip within a narrow timeframe.

Is It Worth Leaving the Airport During a Layover?

Even if time allows, it isn’t always worth it to leave the airport. In fact, several other factors play a crucial role when deciding what to do with your spare time.

Leaving the airport during a layover is only worth it if you:

  • Have enough time
  • Can store or manage your bulky checked baggage
  • Can endure any possible extra cost
  • Can safely sightsee the location you’re visiting without fear of missing your flight to your final destination. 


Now it’s time to account for what’ll happen to your luggage once you get out of the airport, as dragging around heavy bags through the streets of a (usually foreign) location doesn’t seem like the most convenient form of sightseeing.

If your airline allows, you can choose to check in your luggage early on your following flight, or if you are using the same airline, they should automatically transfer your luggage. Otherwise, you’ll have to find a safe space to store your belongings while keeping your valuables and essentials with you at all times.


Before taking off on a sightseeing adventure, you’ll want to check whether the areas you’ll be exploring, especially in a new country, are for tourists. 

Even the safest-looking cities have dangerous neighborhoods, so adequate research is crucial before wandering around a foreign location. 

If you have an exceptionally long layover, there’s a chance that the airline may have organized tours for all passengers.

Partaking in these tours is the safest, least stressful way to experience a new city while waiting to board your next flight, so always check whether your airline offers this service.


Overall, if done right, leaving the airport during a long layover can be one of the most productive uses of your time, or you can always just relax in one of the airport lounges. However, doing it right means conducting extensive research that’ll allow you to make the best-informed decision.

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